Laparoscopic endometriosis surgery
Endometriosis (also called endometritis) is a disease where there are cells in the lining of the womb (called the endometrium) outside the womb. It affects young women of childbearing age.
Physiologically, in the uterine cavity, the mucosa grows along with the menstrual cycle, then swelling with loosening until it collapses, followed by menstrual bleeding. The situation is different in endometriosis: endometrial cells outside their natural place, i.e. outside the uterine cavity, change and react to hormonal stimuli in the same way as cells in the correct location.
Therefore, in the premenstrual period, due to the growth of endometrial cells in a limited space and the accumulation of blood that cannot be excreted, the focus – that is, the endometriosis cluster – becomes enlarged with symptoms of pressure on the surrounding tissues. These changes involve local inflammation and the formation of adhesions. This leads to troublesome pain, which is strongest in the run-up to menstruation and during menstruation.